翻译大师的博客

讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

« 提出了一系列对策    大作文包括四种题型 »

give up doing sth.放弃做某事

  I. 应掌握的词组:


  1. go to the movies 去看电影 2. look after=take care of 照顾


  3. surf the internet 上网 4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式


  5. go skateboarding 去滑板 6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康


  7. exercise=take (much) exercise=do sports锻炼 8. eating habits 饮食习惯

  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动 10. the same as 与什么相同


  11. once a month一月一次 12. be different from 不同


  13. twice a week一周两次 14. make a difference to 对什么有影响


  15. how often 多久一次 16. although=though虽然


  17. most of the students=most students大多数学生

  18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物


  19. as for至于 20. activity survey活动调查


  21. do homework做家庭作业 22. do house work做家务事


  23. eat less meat吃更少的肉 24. junk food垃圾食物


  25. be good for… 对…有益 26. be bad for对什么有害


  27. want to do sth 想做某事 28. want sb to do sth想要某人做某事


  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事 30. come home from school放学回家


  31. of course=certainly=sure当然 32. get good grades取得好成绩

  33. some advice一些建议 34. help sb to do sth =help sb with sth帮助某人做某事


  35. a lot of vegetables=many vegetables许多蔬菜

  36. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不 37. keep/be in good health保持健康


  II. 应掌握的句子:


  1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?


  疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次), 回答一 般是用表示频率的副词,如:once a week, twice a month, three times a day, three or four times a month…, sometimes, often, always, hardly ever never, every day, 等。


  翻译:“你们多 久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。”

  (“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”)


  “他多久去购一次物?” “一个月一次。”

  (“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)


  2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”


  “周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”


  翻译:What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.


  What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.


  3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”


  “你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”


  4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .

  as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或


  动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如:


   As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远 不希望在这里见到他。


   As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。


  翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。(As for myself,, I don’t want to go now. )

  至于那个人,我什么都不知道。(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)


  5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .

  want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;


  want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:


  Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和 我一起去看电影吗?


  The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不 想让我们吃汉堡包。


  6. She says it’s good for my health.


  be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是


  介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如:


  It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。


  Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上 读书对你的眼睛有害。


  7. How many hours do you sleep every night?


  8. I exercise every day, usually when I come home from school .


  9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。


  10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables, usually ten to eleven times a week .


  try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含 是否成功的意思。


  而try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。如:


  You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.


  你最好 试试用另一种方法做这个试验。


  11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.


  help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事


  12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.


  这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级


  13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?


  =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …


  14. What sports do you play?

  15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .

  keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy


  16. You must try to eat less meat . 


  try to do sth.表示“尽力做某事” ,不包含 是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级


  17. That sounds interesting. 


  这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell (闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得), get(变得)等词在 英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:


  It tastes good. 这味道好。 The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。


  


  新目标 八年级英语上册第二单元复习


  I. 应掌握的词组:


  1. Have a cold 感冒 2. sore back 背痛

  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进

  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache


  =There is something wrong with my stomach


  5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?


  = What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble?


  = What’s wrong (with you)? =What’ the matter (with you)?


  =Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?


  6. sore throat 咽喉痛 7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

  8. see a dentist 看牙医 9. drink lots of water 多喝水

  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 11.That’s a good idea 好主意


  12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了 13.I think so 我认为如此


  14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服= I’m not feeling fine/all right.


  = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well.


  15. get some rest 多休息 16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道


  17. be stressed out 感到筋疲力尽 18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了


  19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式 20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医


  21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和 22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛


  23. to eat a balanced diet饮食平衡 24.healthy food 健康食品


  25. stay healthy保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit


  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself


  反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快=have a good time = have a wonderful time =have fun


  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth


  Practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事,


  finish doing sth.完成某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事,


  can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep ding sth. 坚持做某事.


  即:practice, mind, finish, give up, can’t help, keep 与enjoy用法基本相似

  28.at the moment = now 此刻;现在 29. Host family 东道家庭


  30. Conversation practice会话练习 31.I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过


  II. 应掌握的句子:


  1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。


  翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛。 魏芳怎么了?她背痛。


  2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。


  翻译:我应该上床睡觉。 李平应该躺下休息。 我们不 应该上课吃东西。


  3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。


  翻译:我希望他明天能来。 他希望能取得好成绩。


  我们希 望能取得一等奖。 我希望 你喜欢我在纽约的学校。


  4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中 医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。


  翻译:老师认 为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩。


  父母认 为我们应该上大学以便得到一份好的工作。


  你应该 做锻炼来保持健康。我相信每天晚上睡眠8个小时很重要。


  吃均衡 饮食以保持健康。


  5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.


  吃党参 和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。


  翻译:吃一些 蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处。 看电视 太多对你的眼睛有害。


  6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.


  太紧张 易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。


  7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.


  有一个 健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。


  翻译:学好英 语不是很容易的。 上课注 意听讲是必要的。


  完成作业也很重要。


  8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。


  翻译:他小的 时候就知道应该努力学习。


  他5岁就上学了。 我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。


  10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时 间我感觉不大好。


  I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。


  11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving.


  我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。


  12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。


  翻译:他每天练习踢足球。 我们应 该每天练习说英语。


  15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗?


  翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗?

  16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.听了他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。


  翻译:听到这个消息,我忍不住哭了起来。

  17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作,杭州翻译公司


  翻译:我们应该坚持学英语。

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