翻译大师的博客

讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

« 但这个 不管怎么看都不像是人偶啊古 ②④.茼 »

而洗衣机、冰箱、空调则 是绝对的奢侈品

  在上班闲暇之余,抽空把 这篇网络文章给翻译了,旨在提高英语能力。


  先声明:我并没 有完全同意文章观点。


  希望大家来挑毛病,谢谢!

  

  每年,制造业 都会吸纳很大一部分大学毕业生,在这些 职场新人庆幸找到工作,对未来 充满憧憬的时候,他们的前辈――已在制 造业内打拼了几年的师兄师姐们――却怀着深深的忧虑,他们不 知道未来会怎样?他们不 知道何时会被抛弃?

  Every day, manufacturing industry will absorb many university graduated students. This kind person will have a good expectation about their future when they feeling lucky for finding this job.

  But their senior fellow apprentice who have been worked several years in manufactuing industry don’t , opposite, they worry their future greatly, they cannot see their future’s live what will be become ? they didn’t

  know when they will be discarded ?

  职业生涯的O形路口

  The ○ shape road of Career development


  在珠三角地区,有着形 形色色的制造企业, 从待遇和管理上来看,大体可以按欧美企业、日韩企业、民营企业、台资企业进行排序。但不管何种企业,大学毕 业生进入其中从事研发、业务、生产、品管、生管、采购、人事等工作,从零学起,两三年过去了,这些大 学生的职位会从储干、技术员、工程师慢慢做到主管,工资也从2K、3K变为5K。看起来 有着不错的职业发展,然而事 实上他们中大部分人的职位会停留在工程师及主管这个阶段,工资也会停留在3K至4K左右,之后再难有进展。从主管至经理,工资发展到5K以上对 绝大多数大学生来说是很难实现的。当大部 分人在前进的道路上停留下来后,他们就 将在职业生涯的O形路口无休止地循环,看不到尽头,当尽头出现之日,很可能 就是他们被抛弃之时。

  In Pearl River Delta(珠江三角洲), there are all kinds of manufacture companys . we can rank these company as Eurolpe and America company, Japan and South Korea company, privatization company, Taiwan-owned company, according as the treatment and management . but regardless of what kind of companys, all the graduated students have to study from Zero experience. They will work for researching and development, business, production,quality management,production management,purchase,personnel management. And two of three years later, these graduated students’ position will raise to a supervisor from a

  Spare cadre, technician, engineer . and their treatment also raise to 5K from 2K or 3K. it looks good that they seems have a nice career development, but in fact , most of them will stay at this stage, and their treatment will stay at 3K or 4K, also. It is hard to raise again. It is very difficult for most university students that from supervisor to manager and their treatment raise above 5K. they will walk at a○ shape road of their Career development, and they cannot see the end of this road . if the time come when they see the end , maybe it is the time when they were discarded.


  一个公司中,最有技 术含量并创造最大利润的是研发部与业务部,但制造 业公司往往都只是一个代工车间。那些外资企业,他们的研发、销售中心都放在国外,中国的 公司仅仅只是作为产品制造环节。虽然这 些公司在国内也设有研发中心和销售中心,但产品 的原创设计都在国外完成,国内的 研发人员只是接收图纸,然后安排开模,将产品实现。这种情况下,国内的 研发工程师更确切地说只是一个产品实现技术员,至于设计方法、设计理念、工程技 能和他们关系不大,他们也 很难掌握真正的核心技术。外企在 国内设立的销售中心功能更加单一,主要是 接收国外业务人员转过来的制造订单,并跟踪 订单完成情况确保出货,销售技巧、营销手段、市场开 拓这些都与他们绝缘。而国内 民营企业在这些方面则更为不堪。

  In a company, the research& development department is a department that most technical, and the business department is a department that create most profit. But in manufacturing industry, they only is a

  OEM factory. The foreign company will put their research&development center in foreign city , the company in China only finish the process of manufacturing . this kind of the company doesn’t have the research&development center and sale center, the real design is finished in foreigh, and the research members in China only receive the graph paper, and then arrange die sinking(开模), realize the production. In this case, describe exactly, the engineer in China only is a production realize technician, about the design method, design idear, engineer skill , it’s none of business with them. It is hard for them to master the core technology. The sale center fuction in China is more simple. Their main job is to receive the manufature bills, and follow up the bill situation being finished and make sure production should be shiped out successfully. And they are none of business with the sale skill , sale method and market extension. But for the privatization company, it is worse in this area.


  其他与 产品制造有关的如生产、品管、生管、采购等职位,其中的技术含量或者说从业人员的价值更低。技术含 量低则意味着门槛低,门槛低 则意味着不可替代性低,不可替 代性低则意味着被淘汰的可能性高。在企业中,生产、品管、生管、采购人 员被老板炒鱿鱼是最多的,你上午还在上班,或许下 午人事就通知你离开。制造业 公司的人事部每天做的就是致力于招人,或者说低工资招人,而不是致力于留住人,,因为人 才市场上有的是价廉物美的新毕业生。当年,你花了 一年左右的时间就能轻松胜任所担任的职务,那么你 的师弟师妹凭什么就不可以呢?尤其是在台资企业,他们往往以每月1千多的 工资招募一个大学毕业生,两年后,当他的 工资需要增长时,将其换掉,再招一个毕业生,如此往复循环,将人力 成本控制到最低。这些企 业的核心竞争力就是廉价的劳动力成本。

  Regarding the other pozitions in manufacturing industry , such as production, production management, quality management, purchase ,and so on, they have the less technology , or in other words, their have less personal value. Less technology means the low threshold, low threshold means easy to be replaced, easy to be replaced means the possibility of being discarded is very high. In a company, the production, production management, quality management and purchase member is the most of being fired members. Suppose today morning you are working, maybe the personnel management will notice you to leave this afternoon. The personnel management devote themselves to position vacant every day. Or in other words, they are employing the person with low treatment , no to do their best for saving the person who working for the company, because there are many new graduate students who can do their work and require low treatment. In that very year, you spent only one year to be competent for your job, why your junior fellow apprentice can’t ? especially the Taiwan-owned company, generally employ a university graduated student only provide the treatment that above 1 thousand per month, and two year later, when he require a better treatment, they will fired him and employ another graduated student again, like this way again and again, they can keep the labor cost at the lowest level. These company’s core competitiveness is the low-cost labor cost .


  老话说男怕入错行,入行后 想再转行的难度显而易见。当你进入制造行业,再转入 其他行业的可能性极低。你只能 在这个行业内转,如果哪天离心力过大,被甩出圈子,那将是 一切悲剧的开端。当城市产业升级, 人到中 年的你又如何自我升级?当工厂搬迁,拖家带 口的你难道又开始候鸟迁徙?当公司关闭,已显富 态的你难道又开始奔走在各个人才市场,忍受着 招聘人员的白眼和不耐,与那些 刚走出学校的大学生竞争?

  As the saying goes: Male feared into the wrong line(男怕入错行). It is obvious that it is very hard to change into another business after you have into certain business. When you into the manufacture business, the possibility for you to into other business is very very small. You only can rotate in this business, and if you are dumped out of the circle causing the strong centrifugal force(离心力) on certain day. That will be another beginning of tragedy. When the city industry update and you are at the middle age, how you should update yourself ? when the factory relocation and you have been have a family, will you want to relocate your family also ? when the factory close down and you have been have a rich look, would you like go to the talent market for a new job ? bear the recruiter’s supercilious look(白眼) and impatient ? compete with the graduating students ?


  制造业 公司普遍缺乏培训提升机制,处在公 司中层的大学生在公司里并没有不可替代的作用,高层职 位有限且要求很高,后来者 中又有很多优秀者,在整个 人才需求不扩大的情况下,新求职者的期望下探,中间层 处在前无进路后有追击的尴尬之中,看起来 失去自己生存空间的日子并不遥远。长江后浪推前浪,前浪恐 怕真的只能死在沙滩上了。

  Generally, the manufacture company lack of the promote mechanism, the person who at the middle level of the company do not have the effect that nobody can replace , and the higher level pozition number only several and require strict. But at the same time there are many excellent late-comers(后来者), in the case that the whole quantity of talent requirements didn’t enlarge but the new job seeker’s expectation become low, the middle level members face with the fact that they cannot see the road ahead and at the same time there are many pursuer behind. They feel embarrassed and feel it is not a long time when they lose their exist space. In the Changjiang River the waves behind drive on those before, the waves before maybe only can die on the beach.(长江后浪推前浪,前浪恐 怕只能真的死在沙滩上)


  要知道 你并不处于一个大锅饭或者铁饭碗的行业,逆水行舟,当不利的环境出现时,你是否 能确保被抛弃的那些人中必定没有你?

  You have to know that you was not in the stage of all people eat in a bowl, and you was not in a secure job business, sail against the current(逆水行舟), whether you can make sure you are not the man who were discarded when the bad case occur ?


  与世隔绝的社会生活


  The society life that seclude from the world


  

   人是社会化的生物,和前程黯淡相比,与世隔 绝的工厂生活更能使人自卑与绝望。你努力挣扎向上,想脱出现有的阶层,最终发 现是那么的无力,杭州翻译公司,而年华却已老去。

  Human is a living being socialized, the seclude factory life will make people feel more self-abased and hopelessness compare with the gloomy future. You struggle for clumbing up, you want to escape from current stratum , but final found it’s forceless, and you have passed your young time.


  当你走 出大学进入工厂,你会发 现自己的生活世界是那么狭小,你的活 动范围基本是工厂、出租屋、超市。你和生 产线上那些天天重复同一个工作的普工并没有什么区别。除了上班和睡觉,你最重 要的活动就是去超市购买所需的生活用品。其他的 社会生活最多也就是与同事打牌、喝酒,你建立 不起自己的社会资源。你孤身 一人在外地打拼,身边没有父母亲人,只有一 帮同病相怜的同事,当你需要帮助的时候,需要维 护自己的权益的时候,身边的人都无能为力。你的生 活圈是那么的狭窄,人际交 往显得那么苍白。有一天,你离开 了现在的工厂去到另外一个地方,现有的 同事朋友都会失去联系,你需要 在新的公司重新来过。那无奈 的漂泊注定了总是在重复地画着大小不一但形状相似的圈。

  When you walk out of the university and walk into factory, you will found your life world is very small, your life scope is beteew factory, rented room and suppermaket . in fact , you are not different with the worker who repeat a same movement in the line. Except go to work and sleep, your most important activity is going to market buy the articles for daily use. And the other society life is to play cards and drink with the workmate, when you need help, when you need to safeguard your benefit , people who around you cannot offer any help. Your life scope is so much narrow, your interpersonal communication is so much poor. One day , you leave this factory for another factory, all the workmate will lose connection , you have to make a fresh start . such wandering life have decided you always drawing a circle which maybe size different but shape similar.


  春夏秋冬四季转换,你的工 服也在冬夏间轮转,你和所 有的外地人都没有明显区别。在本地 人眼中你们都只是打工的而已。如果你很乐观的话,倒是可 以把公司的工服看作是一种福利,冬夏各两套,从周一穿到周五周六,基本上 不需要再多买什么衣服。毕竟你 可以自由地穿自己衣服的时间一周也只有那么一两天。

  Spring, summer, fall, and winter always shift , your work uniform also shift between summer and winter.you didn’t have obvious difference with the worker who come from other cities. In the local people’s eyes, you have no difference with the workers, all are workers. If you are optimistic enough, you can think the work uniform as a welfare. One is for winter and one is for summer, you can wearing it from Monday to Saturday, and basically you don’t need to buy other clothes. After all, you only have two days to wear your own clothes one week.

  此外,工厂食 堂每天会给员工提供伙食标准为十块钱左右的工作餐。伙食费 有些公司要从员工工资里扣除,有些公 司则当作一种福利完全免费。但食堂 饭菜的难以下咽很多人都深有体会,发霉的面包、没削皮的土豆、黄色的青菜、无从查 证的劣质油等等,花样百出。在外租 住的员工还可以在周末时自己改善一下伙食,住在宿 舍的只能奢望偶尔在饭店里的应酬。

  In addition, refectory will provide business food which is worth 10¥ value more or less. Some company will deduct money from your wages. And some are free totally .but the food is impressive cause it is so unsavoury .the moldy bread, unpeeled potato, yellow vegetables, and the low quality edible oil which cannot be followed up, and so on.maybe the staff who live out of the factory can improve their food, but the person who live in the factory lodging house only can expected the dinner party of company.


  公司提 供的宿舍则多为四人间、八人间。当然,条件远 比不上大学的集体宿舍。很多人 为了有自己的私人空间,情愿每 个月花费三四百块钱租一个十多平米的房间,这种房间多为厨、卫、阳台三位一体。蚁居于这样的房子里,关上门 则如同囚禁在一个封闭的牢房里,打开门 则所有的东西一目了然,没有隐私可言。然后,你会购 买一些简单得不能再简单的家具,包括必备品桌子、凳子、衣架。而洗衣机、冰箱、空调则 是绝对的奢侈品。一是需要花钱,无力承担;再就是房间太小,摆放不下。也有些 已婚人士一家两口或三口挤住在这个小房子里,区别就 是家具相对更完整一些。但这里 给不了你家的感觉,你只是一个租客,你只是暂住在这里,当你买 东西的时候你会时时考虑以后搬家会不会太麻烦,你不知 道明天是否还在这里。当房东 需要提高租金时,你是没 有多少谈判的能力的,要么接受新的租金,要么就搬走。

  Generanlly, the company will provide the lodging house which living four or eight person. Of course, the quality is worse than university’s. in order to keep their won private space, many people would rather spend three or four hundred ¥ on renting a small room which only ten or twenty square metres. Most of such rooms is contain kitchen,toilet and balcony(阳台).living in such room, when you close the door , you can feel you kind of living in a skookum-house(牢房). When you open the door, you can see everything what is in your room, in fact ,there is not any privacy at all. And then , you will buy some simple furniture, such as desk, stool(凳子),coat hanger. But the furniture such as washing machine,freezer and air conditioning(空调) is absolutely the superfluitys(奢侈品), becasuse one reason is these furniture is too expensive ,you no much money. another reason is that the room is too small, there is no room for these furniture. Some family live in such small house with most of the necessary furniture, but it cannot give you a home’s feeling , because you only are a renter and stay here for a short time. When you buy stuff ,you have to consider whether it will be too troublesome when you move house in future. You don’t know whether you remain stay here or not tomorrow. When the landlord raise the house’s rent price, you don’t have much courageousness to barganing(讨价还价),what you can do is take it or leave it.


  在这种生活状态下,婚姻成 为很多大学生不敢面对的问题。你的生 活圈决定了你交际的人大多和你一样,大家同病相怜,没有能 力去摘取爱情的果实。工厂里 三十左右的单身柜族比比皆是,不是不想结婚,是找不到结婚的人,是不敢 面对没有房子的婚姻,是不敢 去想孩子的抚养问题,是不敢 承担那贫贱夫妻百事哀的未来!“宁愿坐在宝马中哭泣,也不愿 坐在自行车后笑”,听起来功利,却也包含一种无奈。

  In this life situation, marriage become a fact what many graduated students not dare to face with. Your life scope have been decided the people who you contact are similar with you. You and they all have not the ability to pick the love fruit. There are many of the single person who have been thirty years old, not they don’t want to marry , but they cannot found the person who willing to marry with them, they not dare to face with the marriage without their own house, not dare to face with the children’s raising(抚养) problem, not dare to face with the future that Everything goes wrong for the poor couple(贫贱夫妻百事哀).”would rather sit BMW cry, nor let sit bike after laugh(宁愿坐在宝马中哭泣,也不愿 坐在自行车后笑)”, it sounds personal gain,but contains certain helplessness(无奈).


  如果你已成婚,那最让 你纠结的就是孩子的入学以及对父母的照顾。你只是暂住在本地,你的孩 子没有权力上那些好的公办学校,或者说 你没有能力交那么大一笔的赞助费,而民办 学校的教学质量又不能让你放心。毕竟,读书是 你能想到的唯一能改变自己孩子未来的救命稻草。你只好 无奈地将你年幼的儿女送回老家,回到爷 爷奶奶身边成为留守儿童。每周的 电话是你最开心的时刻,在外的 苦累在孩子的笑声中都会消融。你在心 里默默企求上苍,让自己 的父母和孩子平平安安,无病无灾。任何一 点风吹雨打就可能让你刚刚起步的家陷入泥沼。

  If you have been married , the things most possibility make you be in a dilemma is the child’s school thing and the parents’ care thing.you only is stay here for a shot time.the child no the right to go to the good state-run school(公办学校), in other words, you no the ability to pay that much a cost. But the voluntary school’s bad teaching quality cannot set your mind at rest. After all, go to school is the only one way to change your child’s future. You only have to send your child back to your native place helplessly . and of course you child will become a left behind children(留守儿童). The most happy time is the time when you call a phone, all the tired will fade away into the child’s laughing . You always pray silently in you heart, you hope your parents and children can safe and healthy. Because now any a little of the unfortunate thing may be make your family into a dilemma.


  你每年 只能回家一到两次看一下逐渐老去的父母和日渐长大的孩子。因为没有假期,因为没有存款,因为路 途太远往返不便,因为所有的因为。为了生存,你离开 生活了二十年的家乡,但在他 乡却无力构建一个属于自己的家,如同水中浮萍,没有根,心也不能降落。

  Every year , you only have one or two times go back home to see the parents who are olding gradually and the child who is growing gradually. Because no the vacation , no the deposit , because too far, because all the causing. In order to live, you leave your hometown for twenty years, but cannot build your own family at that place, you cannot set your heart ease, like the duckweed(浮萍) in the water without its root.


  明天在哪里?

  Where is tomorrow ?


  来到城 市的大学生对未来最大的期望是能走出父辈贫苦生活的轮回,让自己 进入更高一个阶层,为下一 辈创造一个更好的起点。但当你已年入不惑,自身可 以贩卖的价值已所剩无几,而城市 却不再需要你的时候,你难道 落魄地回到老家,让你的 儿女从你二三十年前的起点重新出发,再画着 一个和你一样的圆?作为大 学生的你无力改变自己的命运,难道你 能保证你的下一代能顺得地考上大学并改变命运?

  The best expectation of the students arriving this city is that they can get rid of the codition that their parents’ poor living.and wish themselves can get into a higher Rank , make the better beginning for the next generation . but when you are fourty years old , at this age, you have been have a conception about everything. You have lose your superiority. And the city didn’t need you any more. are you wish to go back hometown as a sorehead(落魄者) ?are you wish to let you children restart from your beginning twenty years ago , and draw a circle like yours ? as the university student, you cannot change your future, can’t you promise your next generation will go to the university and change their future successfully ?


  经济改革的初期、扩招后 大学生毕业的初期、经济处 于上升周期等等这些都极易让找到工作特别是较满意工作的你麻痹,你极易 停下自己前进的脚步,但十五年、二十年后,情况还 会和现在一般乐观吗?失业真 的是那么遥不可及吗?当它来临时候,你将发 现你被整个世界所抛弃!当你四 十岁左右时候失去工作,没有任何收入来源,你将如 何面对年迈的父母、苦难相随的伴侣、十七八岁的孩子?

  At the beginning of the economic reform , or at the beginning of graduation after the school ,or during the period of good economy situation, you might be

  Paralytic(麻痹的) especially when you found a satisfied job, you might be stop your ongoing footstep(前进的脚步), but fifteen or twenty years after, will you remian being optimistic as now ? do you remain consider it is a long time when you will losing your job ? when it comes, you will found you have been discarded by the whole world ! when you lose your job at you fourty and no any income , how will you face with your old parents, your mate(伴侣) and your child ?


  城市很大,外面的世界也很精彩,在这个 只许进很难出的围城里,作为制 造业大学生的你是否有了足够的储备以避免属于你的精彩落幕?


  City is very big , and the world also very wonderful, in the city which is easy to enter but hard to out, as a university student , whether you have been got enough store to avoid your wonderful drop scene ?

  

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