翻译大师的博客

讲述翻 译大师学习翻译的心路历程

«   ⑦俄汉互译18初试参考书目240 英语在表述之前 »

  American Style He got an 87 in chemistry.

  【中文这样说】


  他化学成绩得了87分。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style He got 87 points in chemistry.


  American Style He got an 87 in chemistry.


  【中文这样说】


  我是个公务员。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I’m a public servant.


  American Style I work for the government.


  【中文这样说】


  小王在 中国是很常见的一个名字。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style Xiao Wang is a popular name in China.


  American Style Xiao Wang is a common name in China


  【中文这样说】


  她很纯洁(天真)。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style She is pure.


  American Style She is naive.


  【中文这样说】


  我有个问题要问你。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I have a question to you.


  American Style I have a question to ask you.


  【中文这样说】


  这本书值得多读几次。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style This book deserves to read several times.


  American Style This book deserves to be read several times.


  【中文这样说】


  我喜欢红茶。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I like red tea.


  American Style I like black tea.


  【中文这样说】


  历史重演。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style History repeats.


  American Style History repeats itself.


  【中文这样说】


  我习惯于早睡早起。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I make a rule of going to bed early and get up early.


  American Style I make a rule to keep early hours.


  【中文这样说】


  我想去海边。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I want to go to the sea.


  American Style I want to go to the beach.


  【中文这样说】


  我回到 家的时候门是关着的。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style The door was shut when I returned home.


  American Style The door was closed when I returned home.


  我们坐 在那个沙发上好吗?


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style Shall we sit in that sofa ?


  American Style Shall we sit on that sofa ?


  【中文这样说】


  牛排比较嫩。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style: This steak is soft.


  American Style:This steak is tender.


  【中文这样说】


  他的新书会很好卖!


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style His new book will be sold well.


  American Style His new book will sell well.


  【中文这样说】


  总是有很多人占线!


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――There’re a lot of sparrows stopping on the telephone lines.


  American Style― There’re a lot of sparrows sitting on the telephone lines


  【中文这样说】他把我撞的很重。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――He hit me strongly.


  American Style― He hit me hard.


  【中文这样说】


  我的薪 水难以维系生活。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――My pay cannot support my living.


  American Style― My pay is not enough to live on.


  【中文这样说】


  他想建 立一个甜蜜的家。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――He wants to establish a sweet home.


  American Style― He wants to establish a happy home.


  【中文这样说】


  为什么 不拿一个驾照呢?


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――Why don’t you take a driving license?


  American Style― Why don’t you get a driving license?


  【中文这样说】


  去年我去了西雅图,我很喜欢那个地方。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――Last year I went to Seattle. I liked there very much.


  American Style― Last year I went to Seattle. I liked it very much.


  【中文这样说】


  我妈妈喜欢喝浓茶。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style My mother likes to drink thick tea.


  American Style My mother likes her tea strong.


  【中文这样说】


  你的相 机是这种类型的吗?


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style: Is your camera this kind ?


  American Style: Is your camera like this ?


  【中文这样说】


  昨晚他 的房子被雷击了。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――His house was struck by thunder last night.


  American Style― His house was struck by lightning last night.


  【中文这样说】


  我的祖母活到了85岁。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style――My grandmother lived to eighty-five.


  American Style― My grandmother lived to be eighty-five.


  【中文这样说】


  我的祖母活到了85岁。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style――My grandmother lived to eighty-five.


  American Style― My grandmother lived to be eighty-five.


  【中文这样说】


  喝酒太多对身体不好。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style――To drink too much is bad for one’s health.


  American Style― Drinking too much is bad for one’s health.


  【中文这样说】


  今天天气非常热。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style――Today is hot.


  American Style― It’s hot today.


  【中文这样说】


  今天下 午我爸爸就到家了。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style My father will be home today afternoon.


  American Style My father will be home this afternoon.


  【中文这样说】


  总数是多少?


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style What is the total sum ?


  American Style How much does it come to ?


  【中文这样说】


  我旅行去的欧洲。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I traveled to Europe.


  American Style I made a trip to Europe.


  【中文这样说】


  我非常喜欢游泳。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I very like swimming.


  American Style I like swimming very much.

  【中文这样说】


  请排队等候。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style -- Wait for your turn, please.


  American Style -- Wait your turn, please.


  【中文这样说】


  你的表几点了?


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style----What time is your watch?


  American Style--- What time is it by your watch.


  【中文这样说】


  我不知道他说了什么。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style-- I don’t know what did he say.


  American Style --I don’t know what he said.


  【中文这样说】


  欢迎你来台湾。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style Welcome you to Taiwan.


  American Style Welcome to Taiwan.


  【中文这样说】


  澳大利亚的首都是哪?


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style Where is the capital of Australia?


  American Style What is the capital of Australia?


  【中文这样说】


  他肩膀很宽。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style He has wide shoulders.


  American Style He has broad shoulders.


  【中文这样说】


  我们喜欢这凉爽的风。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style We enjoyed the cool wind.


  American Style We enjoyed the cool breeze.


  【中文这样说】


  我用50美元买下了这本书。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style I bought this book with 50 dollars.


  American Style I bought this book for 50 dollars.


  【中文这样说】


  --不要努力工作!


  --是的,我不会努力工作的。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style Don’t work too hard.


  Yes, I won’t


  American Style Don’t work too hard.


  All right, I won’t


  【中文这样说】


  --你周末做什么呢?


  --我准备 星期日和汤姆打网球。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style What will you do over the weekend ? I will play tennis with Tom on Sunday.


  American Style What are you going to do over the weekend ? I am going to play tennis with Tom on Sunday.


  【中文这样说】


  昨天我 父亲给我买了一个黑色的小皮钱包。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style My father bought me a black small leather wallet yesterday.


  American Style My father bought me a small black leather wallet yesterday.


  【中文这样说】


  一般情况下,萨姆很 难按时完成作业。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style――Most of the time, it is difficult for Sam in finishing his work on time.


  American Style― Most of the time, it is difficult for Sam to finish his work on time.


  【中文这样说】


  这些强 盗能够做出很草率的事情。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style These thugs are quite capable to do really hasty things.


  American Style These thugs are quite capable of doing really hasty things.


  【中文这样说】


  现在什么感觉?


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style What do you feel now ?


  American Style How do you feel now ?


  【中文这样说】


  如果你 决心要在入学考试中成功,你必须加倍努力学习。


  【英文对比翻译】

  Chinese Style――If you determine to make the grade in the entrance examination, you must work extra hard.


  American Style― If you are determined to make the grade in the entrance examination, you must work extra hard.


  【中文这样说】


  请小心拿着这块金表,。


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style The children were very dangerous as the knife-wielding madman was running amok in the kindergarten.


  American Style The children were in great danger as the knife-wielding madman was running amok in the kindergarten.


  Dangerous危险的,用在这 里表示孩子们可能给其他人或物造成危险,显然是错误的;in great danger 表示处于危险之中,冒很大危险.显然这 里是说孩子们处于危险中,而不是 孩子们对其他人造成危险。


  【中文这样说】


  约瑟夫 上周没去音乐会,我也没去.


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style Joseph did not go to the concert last week. I did not go too.


  American Style Joseph did not go to the concert last week. I did not go either.


  在英语中too 和either都表示“也”,too用于肯定句,either用于否定句和疑问句.


  【中文这样说】


  我们已 经等了半小时了,她还没有来.


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style We have been waiting for half an hour. She has still not come.


  American Style We have been waiting for half an hour. She has not come yet.


  Still常用于肯定句; yet用于疑 问句和否定句中,及用于 表示怀疑的动词之后, 通常位于句末;在英式 英语中通常用于现在完成时或过去完成时.


  【中文这样说】


  我建议 你去放一个长假


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style: I recommend you to take a long vacation.


  American Style: I recommend that you take a long vacation.


  Recommend 的用法是后面+that+sb(should)+do

  【中文这样说】


  小孩子很难能理解


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style: Little children are difficult to understand that.

  American Style: It is difficult for children to understand that.

  所用到的句型是It is +adj+for+sb to do sth 对于莫 人来说做某事很困难。


  【中文这样说】


  我喜欢绿颜色


  【英文对比翻译】


  Chinese Style: I like green color.

  American Style: I like green.

  因为 green 就能表 示绿色的意思所以不能再加上color


  【句子对照】


  "Some people think that all engineers are nerds."


  “有些人 认为所有的工程师都是让人厌烦的家伙。”


  【关键俚语】


  nerd (noun)


  [offensive]


  英:a boring or unpopular person


  中:讨厌鬼;乏味的人

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